The Edgar Awards Revisited: Beat Not the Bones by Charlotte Jay (Best Novel; 1954)

We're revisiting every Edgar Award winner for Best Novel. Up first is the inaugural winner: 1954's Beat Not the Bones by Charlotte Jay.

Five years ago, through some good luck, I began working for Criminal Element. It wasn’t the destination I had in mind when I started my job search, but after an interview for a role where I wasn’t quite a perfect fit, my interviewer said he might have a different opportunity for me. Enter Criminal Element. In the five years since I’ve fallen in love with this website. With this genre. With this community. I’ll admit, I came into my first day not knowing much at all about crime fiction. I had read a few mysteries and thrillers: some Dan Brown and Stephen King; a little Robert Ludlum. But never any classics like Arthur Conan Doyle, or Agatha Christie, or Raymond Chandler. And it was overwhelming at the start, trying to keep straight the differences in subgenres and authors and series. But like anything else, as I spent more and more time immersing myself in the genre, it started clicking. And before I knew it, I was in love.

See Our Revisiting the Edgar Awards Series!

I want to be clear: by no means do I pretend to be an expert in crime fiction. I’m far from one. But I am a fan, and I’m forever hungry to learn more – which is why I’m so excited to announce this new series we’ll be running on Criminal Element. Starting today, we’ll be re-reading every book that has won the Edgar Award for Best Novel. There will be a variety of people stopping by and writing reviews: authors, editors, booksellers, and bloggers, and we’ll be posting a new review every Friday. You’ll probably recognize most of the winners, and will probably have read a decent amount of them, but there will undoubtedly be some novels and authors you’ve never encountered. Which brings us back to learning. I hope that as this series progresses, you’ll find some new books to check out, new voices to learn from, and a greater appreciation of the genre that continues to impact so many readers.

* * *

Okay, without further ado, let’s get into the Edgar Awards. Given out by the Mystery Writers of America – the premier organization for mystery and crime writers, both established and aspiring – the Edgar Awards have been around since 1946, but 1954 marked the first time an award was given out for Best Novel. Prior to that, just Best First Novel was awarded, among various radio, film, and television categories, plus an award for Outstanding Mystery Criticism (awarded first to Anthony Boucher). (For some fun, check out the Edgar’s database.)

In a 1974 edition of The Third Degree (MWA’s newsletter), Dorothy B. Hughes reminisced about how the Edgar Award came to be:

It was yet another step in dignifying the mystery writer, in enhancing his work, and let’s face crass materialism… anything that enhances the author and his work means more money in his pocket.

Between 1946 and 1954, MWA added awards for Best Play (The inaugural award went to Detective Story by Sidney Kingsley in 1950.), Best Short Story (“Diagnosis: Homicide” by Lawrence G. Blochman; 1951), and Best Television Episode (The Web by Franklin Heller; 1952). In 1953, the first Raven Award was given to E.T. Guymon Jr. for his outstanding library of mystery literature. And then, after the ongoing debate as to whether it was possible to actually narrow the entire field of published books down to winners and nominees, the MWA decided to officially add the Best Novel category in 1953.

That brings us to the very first Best Novel winner: Beat Not the Bones by Charlotte Jay – a book and author still relatively unknown today (Beat Not the Bones has a mere 110 ratings on Goodreads). There are no other nominees listed online for the inaugural award, so we do not know what other books it was judged against.

Charlotte Jay – originally Geraldine Mary Jay – was born in 1919 in Adelaide, Australia. After graduating from university, she worked as a secretary in various cities around Australia and in London. In 1949, she worked as a court stenographer in Papua New Guinea, and in the 1950s, she lived in Pakistan, Thailand, Lebanon, India, and France. Jay has confessed to growing confused at her national identity during her writing days – American reviewers referred to her as British, the British called her Australian, and the Australian reviewers mostly ignored her. Fittingly, her books mirrored her life and are all set in foreign lands such as Pakistan, Japan, Thailand, England, Lebanon, India, and in the case of Beat Not the Bones, Papua New Guinea.

In an interview with Twentieth Century Crime and Mystery Writers (St James Press, 1985), Jay described her motives and methodology of writing mysteries like this:

I began writing mystery stories largely because of my delight in the novels of Wilkie Collins and Le Fanu and the stories of Poe. I read these books with terror and fascination… When my first books were published, most of the crime stories at that time were written by skilled writers of crime and detection, usually with a well-born ex-Oxford or Cambridge amateur as the private detective as the central character… In America, the same fashion prevailed along with crime stories following in the tradition of Dashiell Hammett and Raymond Chandler. I knew I could not compete with the excellent exponents of these varied trends… And I had no interest in doing so. I set out to frighten and mystify my readers by asking them to identify themselves with a character battling for survival in a lonely, claustrophobic situation.

Beat Not the Bones is undeniably a mystery novel, but it also doubles as an early example of anticolonial literature by providing us the point of view of Stella, our likable, determined protagonist. Stella is Australian, and up until the beginning of the novel’s timeline, she lived permanently on the mainland. But then her husband, who works for the Australian government in Papua New Guinea, is found dead. It looks like a suicide, and the bureaucratic officials on the island are all too content with calling it just that. But Stella knows her husband. Knows he would never commit suicide. Aware that no one will properly look into his death, she flies to Papua New Guinea and sets out to discover what truly happened to her husband when his body was found deep in the jungle. With all the telltale signs of a worthy mystery and a unique, vividly portrayed setting, it’s easy to see why Beat Not the Bones was awarded Best Novel by the MWA. What’s surprising, however, is how politically charged the book reads. Filled with despair and corruption directed towards the island’s natives, Jay is highly critical of the white administration. Jay never succumbs to preaching, instead allowing the criticism to flow naturally through the book’s characters and their interactions with Stella. The Australian administrators feel a variety of ways towards to the natives – some feel pure hatred, most others emit a patronizing superiority – and it’s easy to connect the dots between the way Jay’s characters act and the way contemporary racism has evolved since the book was published. Characters who claim to be sympathetic towards the natives have no issues saying that they’re not like other people. They liken the death of a native to something natural, much less serious than the death of a white person. In short, they’ll justify anything as long as it keeps the natives at the bottom of the societal ladder.

Beat Not the Bones is a worthy book to kick off the Best Novel Edgar Award. Thematically, it’s surprisingly modern, and yet it also dutifully serves as a historical adventure. You’ll root for Stella as she ventures deeper and deeper into both Papua New Guinea’s political machine and its foreboding jungle. And you’ll wonder why Charlotte Jay is not more of a household name. Now that’s a mystery.


Some fun notes from the 1954 Edgar Awards:

* * *

Thanks for taking the time to read all the way through, and I hope you’ll stick around as we continue the series next week. You might not have heard of Charlotte Jay before today, but I can guarantee you know 1955’s winner. Up next: The Long Goodbye by Raymond Chandler.

A special thanks goes out to The Mysterious Bookshop for donating many of the review copies of the award-winning books. For the latest on all new releases, as well as classic books for your collections, make sure to sign up for their newsletter.


  1. Xavier Lechard

    Excellent review of one of my all-time favourite mysteries, one that definitely and forever changed my perception of the genre when I read it twenty years ago. I agree with you that it is incredibly modern and that it’s a shame author Charlotte Jay is almost entirely forgotten nowadays. The vintage female crime fiction revival of the last decade has left her behind, and I really don’t know why.
    I’ll follow your Edgar series with interest (I did one of my own ten years but it wasn’t as comprehensive)

    • Joe Brosnan

      Glad you’ll be following, Xavier. And I agree, it’s a shame Charlotte Jay isn’t more well-known.

  2. Terrie Farley Moran

    Terrific fun! Thank you for the history lesson.

  3. Bea

    Sounds like a good read. Doubt if I can find a copy.
    Looking forward to this series of columns. Great idea.

    • John Nooney

      The book is available on Amazon. Kindle version is, at this moment, $5.99

  4. Judy Odom

    I am so excited to read the Edgar Awards Revisited. I love to see what has won in the past and to read the description. Might not be able to find all the books but they will be on my list. Thanks for a great article.

    • Joe Brosnan

      Thanks, Judy! We’re all really excited to work our way through this series. Here’s to our ever-growing TBR piles!

  5. Nancy

    I immediately searched for this book at my local public library website to no avail. Sounds so good, but not to be.

    • Joe Brosnan

      Yeah, it’s a little tricky to pin down a copy, but eBay and Amazon will usually have a cheap used version, and as John mentioned above, there’s a $5.99 kindle version for sale. Good luck hunting!

  6. Susan Morris

    Thank you so much for this series! I’ll definitely be on the lookout for these titles.

    • Joe Brosnan

      Glad to hear it, Susan. Thanks for tagging along with us!

      • Gray Basnight

        A great idea to celebrate these previous award winners. Just checked the data base as suggested. In the same year that “Beat Not the Bones” won Best Novel–Ira Levin won Best First Novel for “A Kiss Before Dying.” That is cool!

  7. JRF

    I mean this comment to be constructive criticism. Joe Brosnan writes, “Filled with despair and corruption directed towards the island’s natives, Jay is highly critical of the white administration”. This means that Jay is filled with despair and corruption, and I don’t think that’s what Brosnan intended.

  8. Jas has this and several other Jay novels

    • Jas


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  10. Kent Morgan

    I look forward to reading this series of columns. Many years ago I started collecting the Edgar winners and did find many of the earlier ones, but not this one. Part of the fun is finding a used copy someplace other than the Net.

  11. Regina Clarke

    Great to learn about this 1954 book and context!

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