Truman’s Secretary of Defense James Forrestal: Murder or Suicide?

James ForrestalIn the conspiracy world, the death of James Forrestal is prima facie evidence of a cover-up of…. well, something. What that something is, is generally up for debate. But was his fall from the 16th floor of Bethesda Medical Center truly the suicide of a trouble man, or the murder of a man who knew too much?

James Forrestal was the last cabinet level Secretary of the Navy, and the first Secretary of Defense. But his primary civilian career had been in business on Wall Street. However, with the coming of the First World War, he joined the navy as an aviator, eventually reaching the rank of lieutenant.  In the war’s aftermath, Forrestal became something of a prodigy at promoting Democratic candidates in New York. His neighbor, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, didn’t forget, and as World War II approached, Forrestal was appointed special administrative assistant to Roosevelt and, shortly thereafter, to the new position of undersecretary of the Navy. Upon the death of Frank Knox in 1944, Forrestal succeeded him as Secretary of the Navy.

Though an exemplary businessman, Forrestal was faced with the challenges of bringing a wartime Navy down to peacetime levels, a not inconsiderable task.  When President Truman reorganized the defense establishment in 1947 and the position of Secretary of Defense emerged, Forrestal was the logical choice to lead the new defense department.

He ruffled some feathers as SecDef, urging the desegregation of our armed forces and opposing the partition of Palestine to allow for the creation of Israel.  He consistently warned of the growing threat posed by the Soviet Union. 

James Forrestal and Harry Truman
Harry Truman and James Forrestal
The general story says that by 1948, Forrestal was weary from his years at Navy as well as overseeing the defense department. As the presidential election grew closer, Forrestal held some confidential meetings with Governor Thomas Dewey, Truman’s opponent, meetings designed to ensure that Forrestal would continue at the Defense Department if Dewey defeated Truman as was expected.  Columnist Drew Pearson exposed the meetings some time before the election.  The exposure strained already difficult relations between Truman and Forrestal, and in March 1949, Truman abruptly requested Forrestal’s resignation.

Here’s where the stories go haywire. For on the very day of Forrestal’s removal from office, he allegedly went into a deep depressive state. He was flown to Florida where his wife was vacationing.  Dr. William Menninger diagnosed Forrestal as severely depressed, but rather than having Forrestal admitted to his own clinic, one that was familiar with such conditions, Forrestal was flown back to Bethesda and committed to the VIP suite of the National Naval Medical Center, an odd destination considering that Forrestal was no longer a government employee. Even stranger was the fact that access to him was severely limited, something the government denied, but that Forrestal’s brother, Henry, confirmed.

Murder theorists hang their hat on a couple of things. Henry Forrestal was preparing to have his brother discharged and taken to a restful location in the country on May 22nd. But in the early morning hours of that day, Forrestal’s body was found on the outside ground after apparently jumping to his death.  Here is what bothers such theorists most. Forrestal was last seen at 1:45 a.m., awake, copying a passage from Sophocles’ play Ajax. He rejected a sedative, saying he planned to stay up late. Approximately 15 minutes later, Forrestal was dead. He had apparently chosen to jump out of a bathroom window, which was far smaller than the window in his main room. What was even stranger was that he had the belt to his bathrobe tied around his throat, but there was no evidence that it had been tied to anything inside the bathroom, as he would have done if attempting to hang himself. The fact that a man considered suicidal was placed on the 16th floor also raises eyebrows, especially when it’s learned that his caretakers had preferred a ground floor room.

The death was immediately labeled a suicide before any investigation had taken place. The local police were frozen out, and the Navy ran the show. A Chaplain Sheehy, who came to the hospital upon hearing of Forrestal’s death was reportedly approached by a corpsman who claimed that the former SecDef did not kill himself. Whether James Forrestal killed himself or he was the victim of a murder, everything possible was done to keep the official story intact.

So far so good. Enough loose threads to justify doubting the government’s rather hasty conclusion. However, homicides generally have a motive.  And this is where the Forrestal case gets kind of murky. Why would anyone want Forrestal dead? He was no longer Secretary of Defense, having essentially been fired by President Truman. One rather strange thing did happen on the day that Forrestal stepped down, and Louis Johnson was sworn in. Secretary of the Air Force Stuart Symington, no friend of Forrestal’s, told him that he needed to speak to Forrestal confidentially. They rode back to the Pentagon in the same vehicle. Witnesses say that whatever the pair discussed, it had a traumatic impact on Forrestal, who very nearly entered a catatonic state. 

UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Cover-Up, 1941 to 1973 by Richard DolanRichard Dolan, in his 2001 book UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Cover-Up, 1941 to 1973, suggests that Forrestal was in a position to know the truth about UFOs and that perhaps Symington’s chat was related to that. If Forrestal was as mentally unbalanced as the government would have people believe, so the theory goes, his removal might have been accomplished to keep him from revealing what he knew. It has also been speculated that Forrestal’s vehement anti-Soviet beliefs may have made him the target of the KGB.  Forrestal also kept a diary that might have been embarrassing to the Truman administration.  And it was the Truman administration that immediately seized Forrestal’s diary upon his death.

Before all of the skeptics start shouting, the truth is that four years later, a CIA officer named Frank Olson was tossed out of a New York hotel window. It was claimed that Olson jumped as well, after a reported bad trip on LSD.  But the Olson family refused to accept the official story and forty-one years later, after Olson’s body was exhumed, forensic analysis proved that Olson had been clobbered on the head immediately prior to his fall.

Murder or suicide?  Without more evidence, it’s an impossible question to answer.  Forrestal is now interred at Arlington National Cemetery, but it would be interesting to see what a forensic examination of his remains might reveal.

When Tony Hays isn’t traveling the world, teaching students, and adopting puppies, he takes time out to write the Arthurian Mystery series from Tor/Forge.

See all posts by Tony Hays for Criminal Element.


  1. Brian Greene

    Fascinating/troubling story. Just makes me want to know more. Very well written. I’d love to see the story developed into a movie.

    • Jeff

      Lol. Anyone deciding to make movie about Forrestal’s death might find themselve suffocated, a robe belt tied around their neck to ensure they died, and thrown out a window for extra insurance they died. If it was Jewish agents who killed him,…well, Israel would not want the story told.

  2. David Martin

    “Here is what bothers such theorists most. Forrestal was last seen at 1:45 a.m., awake, copying a passage from Sophocles’ play Ajax. He rejected a sedative, saying he planned to stay up late.”
    No, what bothers me most is people like Mr. Hays who falsify the record for their own nefarious purposes. The story that Forrestal was seen copying that morbid poem originates with the arch-Zionist author Arnold Rogow. He made it up out of whole cloth. None of the contemporary news accounts said that he was seen copying anything. When the official account was finally released after being kept secret for 55 years, it was revealed that the orderly who looked into the room at about 1:45 am saw Forrestal apparently sleeping and the lights were out. That attendant, who went on duty at 12 midnight testified to the official review board that the lights were off in the room–which was not a VIP suite–the whole time that he was on duty. The official report makes no mention of anyone finding a book in Forrestal’s room. It does include a handwritten transcript of portions of the poem in question, but the handwriting looks nothing like Forrestal’s. There’s enough contrary evidence to make anyone suspicious, “theorist” or not, not just of the suicide theory but of Mr. Hays as well. I speak of the “suicide theory” instead of the official story, because the official investigation did not conclude that Forrestal committed suicide. It concluded only that he died from his fall. It does not say what caused the fall and makes no attempt to explain the belt around his neck.

  3. Mark Hunter

    The U.S. Navy’s report on the death of James Forrestal is known as the Willcutts Report. The commentary on the webpage
    shows two samples of Forrestal’s actual handwriting, then the poem which was included in the exhibits and claimed to have been copied by Forrestal (search for “behold”).

  4. Rotto Stein

    Maybe they didn’t want him talking about the connections between Ford, Standard Oil, ITT, etc., with IG Farben during WWII… look it up. A lot is slimy people in places of power breathed easier when Forrestal (and others) died.

    But the named a ship after him… aint that nice?

    • Karl

      Not so nice, because the people higher than him felt guilty about his death.

  5. charles brannock

    His death was not a suicide, and we will find out someday, but the truth is always hard to hear. Better for the people, what a crock

  6. my name

    Majestic 12, this is the top secret organization to cover-up…

  7. Anastasia

    He’s got so many of the facts wrong in the little synopsis, no sense reading the book

  8. Roxy

    Yes and there were a couple of other similar deaths CIA related I believe that were falls from Windows with bathrobes belts tied around the neck…

  9. Jeff

    Forestal was at odds with Truman, who was a Zionist, regarding the creation of a Jewish state in the Palestine. FDR had arranged a strategic alliance with Saudi Arabia,and agreed to support a Jewish state in Africa in a Jewish region, or in a traditional Jewish region in the Ukraine. Oil was crucial to the operations of the navy. He complained of being followed everywhere by unknown people, which the police investigated, who arrested Jewish agents hired to track and report on him.They explained they thought he was conspiring against the Jews. At this time Jews were known as terrorists, bombing civilians, and killing their supposed enemies.Before he was fired a colleague informed him he was a good man but excessively loyal (to FDR?),
    In 1949 Truman recognizes Israel about 30 seconds after they announced their rebellion and creation of Israel.
    A very plausible case can be made that he was murdered by Jewish terrorists.

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