Thu
Dec 8 2016 1:00pm

True Crime: Fact vs. Fiction

Read this exclusive guest post from David Wilson, author of Not Just Evil: Murder, Hollywood, and California's First Insanity Plea, and make sure you're signed in and comment below for a chance to win a copy of the novel!

Following a thirty-year career as a private investigator specializing in criminal defense, I wrote a book called Not Just Evil. The book describes the use of the insanity plea by William Edward Hickman, following his confession for the crime of kidnapping and murdering Marion Parker. Hickman based his insanity plea on the idea that he lived in a fantasy world caused by his addiction to the cinema.

Hollywood responded with a media campaign designed to dismiss the validity of his defense. The campaign was financed by Louis B. Mayer, who hired Edgar Rice Burroughs—the creator of Tarzan—to cover the trial as a journalist. I believe it would be fair to say Burroughs was less than objective in his articles about the trial. 

Now that the book is in production, I have had an opportunity to reflect on my personal interest in the contrast between true crime as objective storytelling, the media portrayal of historic events from the point of view of entertainment, and efforts to use real cases as a basis for fictional stories. These are three distinct approaches to storytelling and often become blurred in their relationship to actual events. 

Growing up, I shared an interest in Westerns with my father, who referred to the genre as “Horse Operas.” In my father’s opinion, a film was a Horse Opera if the hero asked someone sitting alongside the road the question: “Which way did they go?” The response was always: “They went thatta way.”

In the fifties, Westerns were two-dimensional. The good guys were all good, and the bad guys were all bad. As a child, I developed an interest in history and was shocked—after reading biographies of Wyatt Earp, Kit Carson, Wild Bill Hickok, and Bat Masterson—to discover their lives were far more nuanced then was typically shown in the movies. 

This contrast was heightened by discussions with my father, LAPD Police Officer George Wilson. Because of his training in the military, Officer Wilson went from the Police Academy to work for the Department Intelligence Unit, where he wire-tapped the phones of suspected gangsters. His stories inspired me to read books on the history of organized crime in America. Later on, when the Godfather movies became popular, I was able to recognized the real-life mobsters who were the inspiration for characters on screen. 

My interest in the idea of true crime versus fictional crime was solidified when my father became the technical advisor for the television series Dragnet. His partner in this effort was an LA police officer named Gene Roddenberry. It was Gene’s job to review the Dragnet scripts and make sure they were consistent with real police procedure. With the blessing of then Chief William Parker, Roddenberry would pay police officers $100 for story ideas that were turned into scripts. 

Gene took his experience with Dragnet and transferred it into the creation of a successful television series called Star Trek. During the first three years of the series, Gene kept his job with the LAPD by taking a leave of absence during the filming. Fans of Star Trek will recognize that Gene was an advocate of multi-cultural equity at a time when it was not necessarily a popular idea. According to my father, Gene was instrumental in pushing Chief William Parker to re-examine what Roddenberry considered biased hiring practices and promotions with the police department. 

My father worked with another LAPD officer who was a neighbor and family friend. His name was Joseph Wambaugh, and he changed the genre of fictional police stories as they were popularized in films. Dragnet was essentially a police procedural. In this genre, the emphasis is on how the police solve a crime and arrest the suspect. Wambaugh took this genre and added the elements of the impact of police work on personal lives and the emotional challenges of dealing with crime on a daily basis.

Wambaugh, like Roddenberry, tried to hold on to his job after the release of his first book. Unfortunately, Joseph worked out of the Hollywood Division and was constantly plagued with requests from suspects for an introduction to casting directors. The situation reached a point where it was impossible for him to do his job, and he made the decision to resign from the department. 

Fans of Wambaugh will know that most of his books were fictional accounts of the personal lives of police officers. He wrote one book that he characterized as nonfiction called The Onion Fields. That book was the account of the kidnapping of two police officers. One officer was killed, and the other survived. The officer who survived was severely criticized for his actions on the day of the kidnapping. The criticism led to his resignation from the police department and a lifelong struggle with depression. My father knew the officer and was not happy with the dramatic account of his life. He felt the criticism was unfair, and my father’s reaction left a big impression on me in terms of the responsibility of a storyteller to get it right.  

In his last decade of service with the LAPD, Officer Wilson became the founder and the curator of the LAPD museum. In addition to gathering historic artifacts, he made a point of interviewing retired officers and gathering a data bank of their oral history. His initial efforts involved the use of a display case in the lobby of the Parker Center Police Administration office. Currently, the museum is housed in what used to be a police station and has creative displays of famous cases. 

In my work as a private investigator, I was blessed to work with Bill Turner—who I consider to be one of the legendary investigators of our time. Bill started his career as an F.B.I. agent. He left the Bureau because he felt the restrictions on agents from J. Edgar Hoover made it difficult to develop cases that had an impact on real political and social issues.

Turner went on as an investigator for Jim Garrison, the District Attorney of New Orleans. While working for Garrison, Bill developed a case against Clay Shaw for the conspiracy to assassinate President Kennedy. Turner’s efforts were the subject of the movie JFK by Oliver Stone. Following his tenure in New Orleans, Bill set up his own business as a private investigator and worked on the defense of Sirhan, Sirhan, James Earl Ray, and Arthur Breamer. He was also the lead investigator for the American Indian Movement in the case of the shootout with law enforcement at Wounded Knee. 

In addition to his legal work, Bill was an accomplished writer and wrote books about his involvement in major cases. As a writer, he was fundamentally a journalist and made, what I believe to be, an objective examination of the issue of the lone gunman versus the idea of the assassin as part of a larger conspiracy. This is a controversial topic that Bill approached by simply describing his process in the investigation of major stories. 

My favorite example of his methodology is when he first started working on the Clay Shaw investigation. Bill traveled to Dallas, walked to the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Dispensary, and looked out the window where Lee Harvey Oswald was alleged to have fired the fatal shots that killed President Kennedy. He discovered there was a tree in front of the window. On the day after he announced his discovery to the media, J. Edgar Hoover ordered the F.B.I. to cut down the tree. 

Bill’s work on the defense of Sirhan, Sirhan was a remarkable irony for me personally. The LAPD police reports on the physical evidence related to the assassination of Robert Kennedy indicate thirteen shots were fired in the pantry of the Ambassador Hotel where Kennedy was killed. Sirhan’s gun held seven bullets, and there was no eyewitness testimony indicating he reloaded his weapon. In an effort to resolve the discrepancy, Bill subpoenaed Sirhan’s gun. At the time, the gun was a prize exhibit in the LAPD museum set up by my father. I remember my father was shocked and dismayed when he received the subpoena because one day prior to receiving the request the gun was stolen from the display case inside Parker Center.  

It was a difficult moment for Officer Wilson, who was actively involved in the efforts of Chief William Parker to rid the LAPD of corruption. As part of that effort, my father was part of a group known as the “Gangster Squad.” His work in that unit was made into a film starring Sean Penn. For me personally, the film was upsetting. Both my father and I are depicted in the movie in a way that had absolutely no connection to reality. Based on conversations with my father, the Gangster Squad did do things that were clearly illegal. They did not, however, drive through the streets of Los Angeles randomly killing gangsters.

His story about those events will be the basis for my next book, Almost at Perfect Murder.


Comment below for a chance to win a copy of Not Just Evil by David Wilson!

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Not Just Evil Comment Sweepstakes: NO PURCHASE NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN.  A purchase does not improve your chances of winning.  Sweepstakes open to legal residents of 50 United States, D.C., and Canada (excluding Quebec), who are 18 years or older as of the date of entry.  To enter, complete the “Post a Comment” entry at https://www.criminalelement.com/blogs/2016/12/true-crime-fact-vs-fiction-david-wilson-comment-sweepstakes beginning at 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) December 8, 2016. Sweepstakes ends 12:59 p.m. ET December 22, 2016. Void outside the United States and Canada and where prohibited by law. Please see full details and official rules here. Sponsor: Macmillan, 175 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10010.

 

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David G. Wilson worked for thirty years in the San Francisco Bay area with his own company providing investigative services. He was hired twice by the US Senate to investigate political corruption involving elected officials. In 1989 he made the first of seven trips to the West African Rain Forrest where he studied the philosophy, theology and rituals of the indigenous shamans. Based on these studies he has written ten books on traditional Yoruba culture and has lectured extensively on the topic. He lived for five years in Mexico where he studied the system of pyramids built throughout South America. He is currently living in New Mexico exploring sacred sites and working as a Jazz musician. He has three children and four grandchildren.

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52 comments
1. BIzarrepedia
Alrighty, I want to win the copy.
Joyce Benzing
2. zsteelie
I really want to read this one - thanks for having the giveway!
Sheila St. George
3. Sheila66
I would love a copy of this book! It looks like a great winter time read! True Crime books are my favorite!
Wilifred Alire
5. walire
Sounds facinating, would love to read his book.
Gordon Bingham
7. gordonbingham
Look forward to this one. Would love to read Burroughs' reporting on this...
Suzanne Gonneville
8. Thumbs
Could be a winner! (play on w . . . . )
Deb Philippon
9. DebP
There's a fascinating backstory to this book. I'd really be interested in reading it. Wish me luck!
T Alexander
15. Talex
I really enjoy crime novels, this looks like a very interesting read.
Barbara Bibel
16. bbibel
This sounds really interesting. My daughter is a screen writer, so I hear quite a bit about "the business."
Clydia DeFreese
19. clydia
Mysteries are a favorite of mine. I haven't read much true crime, but I'm willing to give it a try. Thanks for the opprotunity..
Darlene Slocum
20. darandsam
This looks like a fascinating and informative book. I would love to read it.
Jean Dickinson
21. justjean
David Wilson has tremendous personal knowledge of the "true crime" genre and "Not Just Evil...." looks to be a riveting read. His own background, and that of his father, would make an excellent autobiography!! I'm also anticipating his second book "Almost a Perfect Murder".
Russ Cross
22. Inertia-Lad
Oh yeah, I'd like to win this one. Sounds really interesting.
Lori Provenzano
23. Mountainesque
Fascinating article, both in regards to the events and to the multitude of interconnections. Importantly, it's an excellent reminder to question the historical and/or biographical accuracy of what it presented in book or film.
susan beamon
24. susanbeamon
That there is a difference in focus between true crime and TV crime seems obvious to me, but I know people who believe that cop shows on TV are the real truth. Like a lot of things currently talked about these days, there seems to be a lack of seperation between fact and fiction. Fantasy rules.
Veronica Sandberg
25. redron
Would so love to read this.. I love books that are true.
Beth Talmage
26. wordygirl
Having grown up in Southern Cal, and having a brother on the LAPD, this subject matter is especially interesting to me. Thanks for the chance to enter.
Laurent Latulippe
27. krag48
Looking forward to reading. True crime is interesting.
Angie Stormer
28. ReadaholicZone
My Grandfather was a Peace Officer (that is what they were called back in the day) in the 50's & 60's. During the Detroit riots in the 60's every Peace Officer had to take part as he did. They didn't go out to hurt people but to protect people when it got out of control. I heard a lot of stories from him. The thing that is different today is everything is on social media. There has always been some group of people either due to race or religion that has had a fear of the law.
Chi Shannon
30. anastasiafall
Sounds so interesting! I'd love to check it out :)
Janice Santillo
31. themommazie
Sounds very interesting. I would love to read it.
Ida Umphers
32. idasue123
Had no idea about all of these connections. Definitely a book I want to read. Thank you.
Marjorie Manharth
34. mmanharth
Have read almost all of Wambaugh's books, so was very interested in the connection. Coming to the conclusion that truth is more fascinating than fiction.
Marisa Young
37. Risa
True crime from a former private investigator? Would love to read.
Robert Grieco
38. RobG
Seems like a fascinating read based on the excerpt provided.
Rhonda Barkhouse
40. Rhobar
I would love to win this. I love True Crime.
Rhonda Barkhouse
41. Rhobar
I would love to win this. I love True Crime.
42. Helen Martin
Love to read true crime. Looks great.
Lucinda Larson
45. JohnsJane
I love all theinformation you gave us, thanks.
L
46. LStirling
Wow! What stories he has to tell, with a lot of personal connections to some of the biggest crime stories in our recent history. I'd like to read about all of them!
Melissa Keith
47. melly801
OMG! Your sweeps in this newsletter are fabulous! I am a True Crime enthusiast and would enjoy some TC for Christmas. lol! After this week I told my hubby I was in the mood to read some True Crime. HO HO HOPE I win! Happy Holdays to all at Crime HQ!!
Sabine Blanch
48. Schlauberger
What a story... Thank you for the chance, hope to win this!
Karen Hester
49. rosalba
Never knew that Gene Roddenberry was a policeman - interesting.
Doug Phillips
50. Cougarphan
Insanity in Hollywood? Nahhh.

Still, it would be interesting to read this historical true-crime work.
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